2018年05月26日

The Imperial Palace in Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, originally is Edo Castle built at the beginning of the 17th century.

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'Tokugawa Ieyasu', who unified Japan by force of arms, started to build a huge castle also as a central government building in Edo present Tokyo, in 1603. Edo was a small village before this castle construction. Kyoto, where the successive emperors had long lived, formally was the capital though, Edo had gradually developed as the de facto capital of Japan since.
Right after the end of the feudal years ruled by successive Tokugawa shoguns, the new government rapidly advanced modernization following the advanced countries. The emperor in Kyoto moved to Edo and the city name was changed to Tokyo meaning eastern capital. Present Imperial Palace is inside the inner moat of Edo Castle, a part of which is opened to the public. This part named 'Imperial Palace East Garden' includes the most important as well as historical part of Edo Castle, such as 'Otemon' main gate and stone base of the main building. The major part of the Imperial Palace, where the Emperor and Empress live, is not opened to the public though, 'Nijubashi' bridges which is the formal gate of the Palace can be seen from the outside.
The picture shows the entire view of the Imperial Palace, the total area of which is almost half Central Park in New York.

Licensed tour guide/travel consultant,
Masahisa Takaki.

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posted by masahisa at 14:31 | Tokyo | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2018年04月28日

Japanese Parliament, made up of two chambers, has many points of similarity to the British system.

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Modern legislative system of Japan was basically established in 1889. This system consisted of the House of Representatives and the House of Peers, and the voting rights were limited to men of the highest taxpayers over 25 years old, they were just 1 percent of then Japanese population. Thereafter, the right to vote was given to all the men regardless of taxation in 1925. All the people over 20 years old including women were given the voting right after the Second World War in 1945. And age was lowered to 18 years old in 2016. The number of assembly seats for lower house is 475 with a 4-year term, upper house 242 with a 6-year term (half the members are to be reelected every 3 years). The eligibility for lower house election is over 25 years old, upper house over 30 years old. The term of lower house is shorter than upper house and they can be ordered to be dissolved by a Cabinet, so the lower house has stronger competence than upper house. Lower house reflects public opinion more than upper house. The picture shows the main chamber of lower house. Inside the National Assembly building in Chiyoda-ku Tokyo, is open to the public except for weekends and national holidays.

Licensed tour guide/travel consultant,
Masahisa Takaki.

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posted by masahisa at 13:28 | Tokyo | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2018年04月15日

'ASHIMO' manufactured by HONDA is a lovable humanoid robot with state-of-the-art technology.

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ASHIMO is not an automatic machine but an autonomous machine, because it has three important functions as follows.
1, It always keeps a proper posture on its own judgement.
2, It walks/runs while being careful not to bump into nearby people, as it always watches them to guess the directions they are going.
3, It spontaneously makes decisions without human intervention.

It, with the height of 130cm, can walk and run at 9 kilometers an hour. In addition, it understands the meaning of what three people say at the same time, jumps, goes up and down the stairs, and moves backward. The latest model can open the lid of a bottle to pour the content into a glass, and even uses sign language. ASHIMO's development was started in 1986 to reach 'Astro Boy'. The day when Astro Boy is realized might come soon. The demonstration of this humanoid robot can be seen at 'Honda Welcome Plaza' and 'National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation, both of them are in Tokyo.

Licensed tour guide/travel consultant,
Masahisa Takaki.

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posted by masahisa at 16:05 | Tokyo | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする