2014年12月16日

The late two emperors, born in Tokyo after the relocation of a capital to Tokyo from Kyoto, sleep in the ‘Musashiryo’ Imperial Mausoleum in Hachioji City, Tokyo.

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From the Emperor Jinmu who died in B.C.660 to the Emperor Showa in 1989, there are some 124 ex-emperors, and their mausoleums stand mainly in Kyoto and Nara as they were old capitals in Japan. The size and shape of the mounds were different from time to time, in the ancient times when emperors’ power was strong, the mounds were relatively big. On the other hand, after the Kamakura period in the 13th century when ‘samurai’ began to control Japan, the imperial mausoleum had gradually become modest. When Japan’s modernization started in the middle of the 19th century, which meant the construction of a new country following the Western countries under the banner of the Imperial Family, the Emperor Meiji, the great grand father of the present Emperor, moved to Tokyo from Kyoto. After him, the Emperors were buried in Tokyo.
The first picture shows the mound of the Emperor Showa, the father of the present Emperor, the second one is for the Empress Kojun, his Consort.

Licensed tour guide/travel consultant,
Masahisa Takaki

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posted by masahisa at 07:08 | Tokyo-shrines and temples | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2014年08月03日

'Tsukudo' Shrine and 'Yotsugi Inari' Shrine, flanked by the buildings in Kudan, Tokyo, are typical local shrines with a long history.

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'Taira-no-Masakado' in Tokyo reveled against the Emperor in Kyoto in the 10th century, but his attempt was failed and he had his head cut off. After that, his head was enshrined at Tsukudo Shrine in Tokyo. This shrine was originated in 'Otemachi' near Tokyo Station, then was moved several times to the places in the heart of Tokyo, necessarily with his head. After being destroyed during the second World War, unfortunately together with his head, it was finally relocated to the present site as shown in the first picture.
A smaller shrine is found behind this shrine, as shown in the second picture, which is Yotsugi Inari Shrine. This small shrine is believed to have the power of answering prayers for a baby. A ducument which reads the second Shogun 'Tokugawa Hidetada' in the 17th century as well as 'Kazunomiya', the wife of the 14th Shogun 'Tokugawa Iemochi' in the 19th century paid a visit here, is preserved.

Licensed tour guide/travel assistant,
Masahisa Takaki.

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posted by masahisa at 14:16 | Tokyo-shrines and temples | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2014年07月13日

'Yasukuni Shrine' in Kudan, Tokyo, was built to pacify the vengeful spirits of the people who died for the sake of the nation in the civil wars in the process of Japan's modernization.

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Japan's modernization under the banner of the Emperor Meiji was triggered by the weakening of the 'Tokugawa Shogun' family in the middle of the 19th century. The conflicts between the Emperor side and Tokugawa side escalated into civil wars, and many people died for their country. Then Emperor Meiji established Yasukuni Shrine in 1869 in order to appease the vengeful spirits of the war victims for Japan's modernization. Thereafter, other people who died in the wars, such as the first and the second World War, were enshrined here, furthermore some war criminals of the second World War were also worshipped. China and Korea criticize the Japanese statesmen who pay a visit to this shrine though, this kind of attack is a long way off the mark. Because Japanese people regard even war criminals as holy spirits after their death.
This shrine also features 'Yushu-kan' war museum and authentic Japanese garden, as shown in the second picture.

Licensed tour guide/travel assistant,
Masahisa Takaki.

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posted by masahisa at 14:32 | Tokyo-shrines and temples | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする