2017年11月10日

'Goryokaku' in Hakodate City, Hokkaido, is an Italian-style five sided fortification, which is one of only two in Japan.

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In the closing days of the feudal years, in 1854, Japan gave up the national isolation policy which had continued for 200 years. Then government opened two ports , Shimoda in Shizuoka Prefecture and Hakodate in Hokkaido, to the USA and other several world powers.
In order to tighten the security of Hakodate, the feudal government built Goryokaku fortification at the present site where is out of naval gunfire range. This was completed in 1866 after two years of construction work. In the following year, in 1867, the return of political power to the Emperor by the Tokugawa samurai government officially took place, however a part of military authorities of old power disobeyed the new order. 'Enomoto Takeaki', one of the highest-ranking navy officials, took their arms against the Emperor, entrenching themselves in Goryokaku. But finally surrendered in 1869. This fortification features very unique pentagon form as shown in the picture, different from other Japanese castles. There are only two pentagon-shaped castles in Japan, this one and Tatsuoka Castle in Saku City, Nagano Prefecture. The only one original building to keep the provisions, and other several restored buildings inside the fortification are opened to the public.

Licensed tour guide/travel consultant,
Masahisa Takaki.

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posted by masahisa at 10:05 | Hokkaido | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする