2017年09月18日

A national treasure building 'Hikone Castle' is an excellent castle together with Himeji Castle.

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Hikone Castle had been resided by the Ii family which produced five chief ministers of the Tokugawa feudal government. The Ii family, a daimyo (feudal lord) in hereditary vassalage to the Tokugawas, had successively ruled this domain for 14 generations from the beginning of the 17th century to the middle of the 19th century. Most daimyos were frequently ordered to change their domain by the central government controlled by Tokugawa shogun, the purpose of which was to lessen the accumulation of wealth from their domain. However the Ii family was one of the rare families which had never experienced the forced relocation as it was enough trusted. Hikone Castle standing on the top of the hill on the east coast of Lake Biwa, Japan's largest lake, the castle tower and three annexed buildings of which are designated as national treasures, and five other buildings are important cultural assets. This castle was designed as a real fortress, thus many elaborate devices, such as hidden loopholes, are found here and there. The picture shows a distant view of the castle tower from 'Genkyu-en' Japanese garden, which was built in 1678.

Licensed tour guide/travel consultant,
Masahisa Takaki.

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posted by masahisa at 13:01 | Kyoto | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする