2017年07月27日

'Shimabara-no-Ran' under the command of 'Amakusa Shiro Tokisada' was the largest rebellion during the 'Edo period' from the beginning of the 17th to the middle of the 19th century.

IMG_1433.JPG

IMG_1426.JPG

As the Shimabara Peninsula and Amakusa Islands in Kyushu were the domain of Christian feudal lords, there were many Christians in these areas in the 16th century. However the newly appointed feudal lord early in the 17th century carried out heavy tax policy and cracked down on the Christians. About 1,000 locals who were unable to bear these policies rose in arms with 450 guns against the authority in October 1637. They attacked Shimabara Castle, where the feudal lord usually resided, but failed. A few days later, another riot led by Amakusa Shiro Tokisada, a 17 year old Christian, broke out in nearby Amakusa Islands, and the total number of the rebel army became 37,000. They appeared to lead from the first though, more than 100,000 reinforcements dispatched from the powerful feudal lords mainly in Kyushu, commanded by Tokugawa Shogun, gradually had an advantage over the rebel army. The rebel army made the most of Hara Castle, which was a deserted castle at that time, as their fortress to fight a decisive battle. Finally all the people, regardless of age and gender, were killed in February 1638. The pictures show the external appearance of the destroyed castle and the tomb of the young leader standing at the very site of the main building of the castle. After this civil war, Tokugawa feudal government discontinued the trade with Portugal to ban the missionary work of Christianity, and enforced a national seclusion order. In addition, the central government ordered all the feudal lords in Japan to break other castles besides one main castle, so that these deserted castles were not used by other rebel army as its fortresses again.

Licensed tour guide/travel consultant,
Masahisa Takaki.

HP-banner


posted by masahisa at 13:27 | Kyushu | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする