2015年08月23日

Fukuzawa Yukichi, the portrait on the ten thousand yen bill of Japan, was a great enlightmment thinker who contributed all his effort to Japan's modernization late in the 19th century.

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Fukuzawa Yukichi, a son of a low-ranking samurai of Nakatsu domain, present Nakatsu City, Oita Prefecture, was a very diligent person from infancy. It is said that he studied day and night in the small warehouse on the right in the second picture, which still stands inside the grounds of his parents' house behind.
As he grew up, he studied a wide range of subjects in Osaka and Nagasaki, which helped him to be picked out for 'hatamoto' a direct retainer of the shogun, although he came from a low class samurai family. He was dispatched by then feudal government to the US as well as European countries to understand advanced system and technology.
In 1867, Tokugawa shogunate system came to an end, and Japan's modernization started under the banner of the Emperor Meiji.
He took the lead in illuminating the people from the point of view of a private citizen, writing many books while establishing Keio University. This university has all been giving birth to a large number of dominant figures in various fields.

Licensed tour guide/travel consultant,
Masahisa Takaki.

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posted by masahisa at 14:25 | Kyushu | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2015年08月15日

'Tsutenkaku' observation tower, standing in 'Shinsekai' area, Naniwa-ku, Osaka City, is known as a leading tourist spot in Osaka.

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The first Tsutenkaku Tower was built in 1912, at the site where a large-scale exhibition was held in 1903. This original tower was dismantled during the Second World War, and was rebuilt in 1956 by the design of Naito Tachu who also drew up Tokyo Tower. Shinsekai area used to be one of the busiest districts in Osaka, dotted with many movie theaters, playhouses and restaurants, before the Second World War, however it gradually came to its twilight after the war.
In recent years, this area seems to have retrieved its former position thanks to non-Japanese tourists mainly from Asian countries, because it still retains something of old Osaka and many films as well as TV programs were made at this location.
A Billiken exhibited on the observatory is appealing as a bringer of good luck.

Licensed tour guide/travel consultant,
Masahisa Takaki.

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posted by masahisa at 08:56 | Osaka | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2015年08月11日

'Tamozawa Imperial Villa' in Nikko, Tochigi Prefecture, had been for the Imperial Family for about 50 years.

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This old villa stands in a quiet place surrounded with big cedar trees, within a short walking distance from 'Nikko Toshogu Shrine', World Heritage. Based on a vacation home of a wealthy banker from this region, built in the 19th century, a part of the mansion of the Tokugawa shogun family in Tokyo which was built in the 18th century was relocated here, in addition to that, other new wooden buildings were constructed. These multilayered ways of construction realized a unique unification from the 18th the 20th century. This villa was originally built for the Emperor Taisho, the grand father of the present emperor, then it was handed over to the Emperor Showa, the father of the present emperor.
Even the present emperor stayed here in the last days of the Second World War.
As this was used as a refuge of the royal family during the war, air-raid shelters in the beautiful garden, as well as the device for blackout inside the villa were found.

Licensed tour guide/ travel consultant,
Masahisa Takaki.

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posted by masahisa at 09:19 | Nikko | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする